The Cat Cone: A Complete Owner’s Guide

The Cat Cone: A Complete Owner's Guide

So, your vet suggested a cone. Confused? Scared? Not sure how your cat will deal with this? Don't worry. We're here to guide you through everything you need to know about cat cones and how to use one to help your cat get better.

What is a cat cone?

This is a simple apparatus shaped like an open-ended cone that envelopes the cat's face. These devices are known by a variety of names such as Elizabethan collars, E-Collars, Buster collars and then humorous terms such as "cone of shame", "pet radar dish" and "lampshade".

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Historically, veterinarians used to make their own pet cones for their clients. They would use pliable plastic sheets or cardboard to create them. Today there's a variety of ready-made commercial cones, readily available online or at your local pet store. Keep reading to learn about the different types of cat cones, store-bought and homemade.

Why would your cat need a cone?

The cone is used to prevent a cat from licking or chewing areas on her or his body. It can stop a cat from chewing on the stitches of a recent surgery site or grooming to the point of self-mutilation.

The cone can also prevent a cat from scratching or clawing at his or her own face. This can be useful following eye surgery or in the case of a facial skin lesion that the cat tends to scratch.

The cat cone is never a solution in its own right. You should only use it temporarily if and when instructed to by your veterinarian. Never use a cat cone just to try and prevent a cat from scratching its face or licking a part of its body. You have to get Kitty to the vet first for a full diagnosis and for treating the source of the problem.

Does my cat really need a cone?

That's actually a good question. Because it's so uncomfortable and stressful, the cone should only be used as a last resort. Some veterinarians will put a cone on any cat undergoing surgery, including routine spaying and neutering. That may not be necessary. Most cats do very well without any restrictive devices. They may lick the area of the wound, but as long as they don't chew and pull on the stitches, this should not be a problem.

Talk to your veterinarian about your options. If you can observe your cat's postoperative behavior, you should be able to see in time if Kitty is pulling on those stitches. If and when that happens, you can use a cone or some alternative measure to protect the site of the incision. If the cat is just licking at the wound occasionally, without nibbling on the stitches, there's usually no need for a cone.

Types of cones & alternatives to Cat Cones

A traditional Plastic Cat Cone

This is the most common type of cone, easily identifiable by its round sturdy shape. Plastic cones come in a variety of colors and designs.

Lucy wearing a plastic cone - submitted by @katachtig

Some plastic cones have a softer edge, covered with fabric, like this one (available on Amazon here)

If you can, try to get a see-through plastic cone. It lets in more light and can help the cat manage its surroundings better.

Hatchet in his plastic cone - submitted by 709Juggalette

Talk to your veterinarian about trimming the edges of the cone. This may prevent some of the unwanted behaviors while allowing your cat a better view and ease of movement.

Sadie showing off her trimmed cone - submitted by xocats

Soft Cones for cats

Made of foam and covered with colorful fabric, this soft version of the cone may be more comfortable for some cats. Others may manage to fold the cone by pressing it against a hard object, thus rendering it ineffective.

Fabric Cones

Some cats do well with a soft pliable cone like the Kong EZ E-Collar. It comes with its own drawstring, but TCS members comment that it's best to attach it to a proper cat collar as many cats don't like the feeling of a string around their necks.

Inflatable Cat E-Collars

Inflatable cones are soft donut-shaped Elizabethan collars like this one by Kong. They're lightweight and less obstructive than traditional cones but aren't as limiting as the traditional plastic cone, so may not always be suitable.

Alternative to Cat Cones: The Paper Plate

It's entirely possible to create a homemade cone. Some veterinarians still suggest the simple method of using a large paper plate as an Elizabethan collar. It's cheap and readily available but some cats can tear through the paper.

Lola with her homemade paper plate e-collar - submitted by @digitalsyrup

Post-surgical jacket and recovery suits

In some cases, you can use an alternative to the dreaded cone. If you're trying to protect an area on the cat's body (not the face), you can use a garment to cover the body with. These jackets, sleeves or suits are generally less stressful to cats than a regular cone.

There are several commercial options, like this one by Suitical -

For homemade versions, our members have used baby onesies, like this one -

Cezare wearing a onesie Posted by @darlenam8

Or a sleeve made of an old teeshirt. You can use a very stretchy teeshirt, cut off the sleeves and gently pull it over the cat's body.

So, which cone or cone-substitute should you use? It depends. If you're trying to prevent a cat from licking or chewing on an area that can be covered with a "suit" that is probably the best option. The garment won't limit Kitty's movement and won't get in the way of eating or drinking. However, if it's the face that you're trying to protect from the claws, some kind of cone is probably the only solution.

What to expect when your cat wears a cone

Cones are never fun. Most cats hate the feeling of the cone around their neck and there's usually an adjustment period. During the first few hours, many cats have difficulty even walking around with the cone. Some cats walk backward while others walk into walls. Some cats refuse to walk at all and resort to crawling or dragging themselves across the floor. Be patient and give Kitty time to adjust to the new situation.

Do monitor your cat's behavior closely during the first few hours. Make sure that the cone is effective in keeping your cat from licking, chewing or scratching at the problem area. Cats can even hurt themselves if they try to use a hard plastic cone to scratch against. Some cats manage to wriggle their way out of the cone and others may get stuck in narrow places or under a bed so keep an eye on Kitty and block problem areas ahead of time.

Even if your cat is used to going outside by herself, she needs to stay inside for as long as she's wearing a cone. A cat's vision and hearing are limited by the cone, making him or her extremely vulnerable to the dangers that lurk outside.

How will my cat eat and drink while wearing the cone?

Some cats manage to reach their food and water even when wearing a cone. Some don't. Keep track of Kitty's eating and drinking behavior during the first day to make sure he or she can actually consume the contents of their feeding dishes. If the cone keeps their face too high above the floor, try elevating the dishes by placing them on a stable yet narrow base. If that doesn't work, you can try cutting off some of the cone to make it shorter. If all else fails, you'll have to take the cone off for a few hours a day to allow your cat enough time to eat and drink.

How will my cat groom while wearing the cone?

Your cat is unlikely to be able to self-groom while wearing the cone. Even a shorthaired cat may need your help during this time. Brush the coat to prevent matting and provide your cat that much-needed skin stimulation. Our member @Columbine helped her coned cats by scratching the areas they couldn't reach. She suggests drawing an imaginary circle away from the stitches and then scratching gently around that area without putting any pressure on the surgery site.

Remember, this is only a temporary thing! It may be uncomfortable but sometimes it's just unavoidable. The cone can benefit your cat and it won't last forever! We're here for your cat and you while the journey lasts, so why not start a thread about your cat's health problem and cat cone adventure in the cat health forum?

24 comments on “The Cat Cone: A Complete Owner’s Guide

Lee Carlson January 30, 2022
My cat has an eye ulcer and has to wear a cone. It depresses him when it's on and I cannot figure out a good way to put drops in the eye as he closes the eye tight and it's hard to administer the drops. I put the drops in as best I can and wait 10 or 15 minutes and then take cone off in order for him to eat or drink because he won't even try with it on. Just sits and stares. I am hoping the cone can come off on tuesday. My question is, what is the best way to ensure the drops are in the eye when they wear a cone and it's difficult to get him to open that eye when he sees the drop bottle?
    Khairio February 20, 2022
    Same as mine, my cat go eyes ulcer and it’s been 4 months already, luckily he’s calm when during putting eye drop and everything. Maybe u can remove e-collar(cone) when putting eye drop and put it back when it’s done.
    Rhonda December 1, 2022
    little known fact...many cats are allergic/sensitive to plastic. If your kitty has plastic food or water dishes please keep a watch on their lips/chin for little sores or inflammation, as this is possibly a indicator of an allergy/sensitivity to plastic. this being said, i wonder how many cats who are sensitive to plastic have issues wearing plastic cones. I say this because I just had my four month old rescue spayed yesterday and she seems to be really itchy around her cone and I worry about her being sensitive to things because when I got her she must have had 300 fleas on her easily and she was not fed for most of her first few months. don't worry she's insanely spoiled now. Just something to think about...
izzy June 17, 2021
my cat WILL NOT keep his water in his bowl while he wears a cone, following getting neutered. i have to keep him locked up in my room while he heals meaning he doesn’t get water while i’m gone at work. when i am home and able to give him water he just splashes it all on the floor. what is happening? will he stop doing this? i’m so worried he’ll get dehydrated
    Kenny July 19, 2021
    Water spilling is normal while a cat has a cone on. Its hard to navigate and do most of the things they used to do while its on so they will be bumping into things and spilling food and water. I suggest putting a couple towels where they eat and drink or adjusting their drink bowl so it can be easier to get into while wearing a cone. My cat with her cone at first was spilling her water too so I changed her water bowl to a normal bowl I had around the house so it will fit in the cone with her without knocking over and I've had less accidents this way. Hope this helps. best of wishes to you and your fur baby :)
    Foreverlouiemylove November 14, 2021
    I think you need to talk to your vet about that and also you can use or Chewy offers free vet cat and live video chat for auto shipping service member. My cat just started having a cone today to avoid he scratches his eye. He just has red, itchy eye and can’t get any clue. He was fine even early morning and found it a few hours later. I wanted to see my vet but not available so I had to run for ER clinic. ER vet was a but disappointing because he did not take time with us enough. He looked so busy. Anyway, he said my cat needs to keep on 24/7 for 10 days to get adjusted. My cat usually drinks a lot but he looks gloomy and he did not drink water as usual. I’m also very concerned so I trimmed a little bit a cone for his mouth area for easy access of water. Also I tried to give him a canned food adding some water to avoid dehydration. Also I gave him water by spoon for him to lick.
Sophia Fisher March 10, 2021
My female kitten just recently got 40% of her tail amputated and must wear a cone so she will not lick her stitches. My other female kitten hates the cone and hisses at Checkers (Kitten with the cone) whenever she sees her with it! What do I do to let Chess (Kitten who is scared of the cone) get used to it? (the cone is semi-clear and is made of plastic with no soft edges)
Nate February 18, 2021
My male cat just got neutered and some complications occurred. He has scrotum swelling and bleeding. So he's wearing a cone. the swelling is almost as large as his testicles used to be. He is a very energetic cat and he always wants to play, jump on things or get pettins but vet says he needs to stay calm. suggested leaving him in the bathroom but he just claws at the door and jumps around in the bathroom. so he's roaming my apartment crying. He had pretty severe difficulties eating and drinking so I had to remove the collar so he can drink. so happy you suggested that. and now I found a way to feed him by shoving wet food in his face and he just gobbles it up. He also was able to get the collar off pretty easily so I had to tie up a kind of harness around his body and looped through the holes in the collar using shoe string and that seemed to work pretty well. except just now as I type this he was able to get his collar off. stressful. had to make the harness tighter.
Anita Jewell December 29, 2020
My kitten got spayed today and got her cone off so I got a shirt for her to wear she got that off too. Now she has nothing on and seems happy she’s sleeping at the moment has had a lick around the area but not on the wound. What to do for the best ?
Crystaldiane December 23, 2020
I just had my kitty spayed and was surprised when my daughter brought her home and she was wearing a soft cone around her head. Poor thing. Growing up with female cats, I had never seen this done before. To help her bathe, I took a warm cloth and wiped her down and brushed her. Every time she simply tries to bathe I can hear the 'scratching' sound of her tongue licking the cone. The vet said to leave it on for 10 days so I'm going to follow the vet's recommendations, but I wish there was another way. I saw one idea of putting a onesie on the cat instead of a cone. My girl is a ragdoll and so her temperament is a little more tolerant than the cats I grew up with so this may work. I believe for us cat lovers we just feel bad for our fur babies and we know they have no idea why they are suddenly wearing this awful thing. Lol. Hang in there, and soon when kitty is healed she/he can be free again.
Teresa December 12, 2020
Can I reverse the cone? I mean the other way still protecting my cat from licking her wound underneath her armpit? She would be able to see better her surroundings. The cone is made of some kind of fabric enforced by plastic sheet. She would have a better access to food and water dishes. Thank you!
    Crystaldiane December 23, 2020
    It sounds like a good idea, as long as the cone doesn't inhibit that cat's arm and shoulder movement. The cone my cat is wearing while she heals from being spayed is soft and I believe she could reach her stitches with her mouth if I reversed the cone. Let us know how it worked, though! Crystal
      Mandi December 7, 2021
      My cat is wearing a cone because of a severely inflamed eye. So the cone is to prevent scratching the affected eye. He is having to wear it 24/7 because as soon as I take it off he starts scratching the affected eye. Is there anything I can do to stop him from scratching?
Suzette July 19, 2020
My mail cat Won't keep an e-collar on, he can remove one within 1 minute, same with bandages. He recently got a wound on his neck, it'll scab over, n then he scratches the scab off, he's been to the vet, n had an antibiotic shot, and they gave me a spray to use.... he don't like that much either..... wound is just under his chin on the neck. What are other alternatives.... I'm fixing to hog tie him lol. (Joke) Isn't there like a Plastic Nail cap or covering available, he's a dern Houdini at getting things off. Have to find a way to kep him from scratching it open.
    MarkMDP July 20, 2020
    Hello Suzette! You are welcome to join the forums (it's free!). Our expert members would be glad to help. The Cat Health section is a good place to start a thread. Here's the link: Note: No online advice beats professional diagnosis. Always consult the vet for serious medical problems.
Kathryn April 18, 2020
My cats have just been spayed, they are wearing their cones. And are not happy. They are miserable and I keep finding them just staring at the floor or wall :-(
Radio March 26, 2020
My cat just had an abcess drained that was near the base of his tail and is now wearing a cone. Ever since he got home, he has been walking backwards, trying to get out of it, and has bumped the wound site into doorframes and table legs several times, which probably hurts a lot. How many hours does it typically take until they adjust to the cone?
    Stephanie August 14, 2020
    How did that work for you? The same thing just happened to my cat last night and he ate a little bit last night after we got home and drank a little, too. I was able to give him his pill last night and this morning just fine,but tonight he would not take it at all. He has been basically sleeping all day and he hasn't gone to the bathroom yet. Im nervous to keep the cone on him for a week if he's not going to adjust.
Ginny March 4, 2020
My cat recently had to have her tail stitched up because she tore a gash in it, and while that's healing we have a cone on her. She still manages to seem to get to her tail, and she's just licking it, but I'm worried if that will effect the healing process of that? She's also licking the inside of her cone, and I'm wondering what that may mean?
    Norachan March 9, 2020
    You'll get better replies if you post this question in our forum @ginny
Nacho Kitty January 22, 2020
Brought my kitty home from eyelid surgery today with her cone and she is really miserable. She can eat and drink but she is now racing around and bashing into things and I'm afraid she's going to hurt herself. I feel like she might heal better if she could just relax. Will call the vet in the morning and see if it's possible to just keep a close eye on her to make sure she's not messing with her sutures. Poor kitty. :'(
Cheryl Lamere January 19, 2020
My cat had a cone on for a week and was miserable. Now that the cone is only eating and sleeping after 3 days
Ljbonnard April 7, 2019
My 9yr old male cat broke his front leg 2 weeks ago, he is currently stuck with a cone on and is not happy. He was coping really well but his leg is healing nicely and he should be able to take it off in a week's time after checked over by the vet. He can eat and drink with the cone on but it is the second cone as he is a large cat and the cat collar still allowed him access to the wound. He settled for the first 2 weeks with the cone bothering him but now he constantly scratches at the cone (with both front legs) and I feel awful but I'd rather not have him open his wound so he has to deal with that. Also it's not just the cone that is stressing him out, because of the break he is confined to an XL dog crate to prevent jumping while the bone heals. I'm double mean hahaha
tarasgirl06 February 27, 2017
I have one of the traditional clear plastic cones with white webbing string, from a long-ago vet visit I don't even remember; I keep it just in case, but hope never to have to use it, because I know these must cause quite a lot of stress to a cat. 

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